Gyeongbokgung Palace 경복궁

Gyeongbokgung Palace is the number one courtroom during the Joseon Dynasty. It was situated leaning against Bukaksan Mountain to the north and a wide six-way street (currently Sejong-ro) spreads out in front of Gwanghwamun, the main gate, which is also the center of the planning of the capital, Hanyang (Seoul). It was founded by King Taejo Lee Seong-gye in 1395, burned down in 1592 due to the Japanese invasion of Korea, and rebuilt in 1867 during the reign of King Gojong. Led by Heungseon Daewongun, Gyeongbokgung Palace looked magnificent with more than 500 buildings lined up like a maze.

Inside the palace, there were political facilities for the king and officials, a living space for the royal family, and a support space for rest. It was also a place where several small palaces gathered in a complicated manner, such as the queen’s court, the crown prince’s palace, and the Koncheong palace created by King Gojong. However, during the Japanese colonial period, most of the buildings were demolished, leaving only a small number of central buildings such as Geunjeongjeon, and the Joseon Government-General building was built to obscure the palace itself. Fortunately, since 1990, the government-General building has been demolished and the Heungryemun has been restored, and the royal and queen’s sedimentation, Donggung Palace, Geoncheong Palace, and Taewonjeon Hall have been restored.

The central part connecting Gwanghwamun-Heungryemun-Geunjeongmun-Geunjeongjeon-Geunjeongjeon-Sajeongjeon-Gangnyeongjeon-Gyotaejeon is the core space of the palace and was constructed symmetrically according to the geometric order. However, the buildings except the center were asymmetrically arranged, combining the beauty of change and unification. Experience the essence of elegant and dignified royal culture at Gyeongbokgung Palace, the center of Seoul and the best palace of the Joseon Dynasty.


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